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Adverse Health Effects of Smoking

1. Going blind
Smoking increases your risk of age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in adults over the age of 65.

2. Type 2 Diabetes
Smoking contributes to type 2 diabetes and increases the risk of complications from the disease— including poor blood flow to legs and feet. This can lead to infection and result in the need to amputate a limb.

3. Erectile Dysfunction
Male sexual function is affected when you smoke. Tobacco causes narrowing of blood vessels all over your body, including those that supply blood to the penis.

4. Ectopic Pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening reproductive complication in women that is more likely in smokers. It occurs when a fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus. The egg cannot survive, and it puts mom's life at serious risk.

5. Hip fractures
Smokers lose bone density at a faster rate than non-smokers which puts you at risk for breaking body parts like your hip.

6. Colorectal Cancer
Smoking is linked to an increased risk of developing cancer in colon or rectum. This is the third leading site of malignancy in the Philippines.

7. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
RA is a chronic inflammatory disease more common in women affecting the joints in the hands and feet. It causes painful swelling that can eventually result in bone loss and joint deformity. Smoking is associated with developing the disease at an earlier age.

8. Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
These birth defects, commonly called orofacial clefts, occur when a baby’s lip or mouth does not develop properly during pregnancy. Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to have babies with orofacial clefts.

9. Fertility issues
Moms-to-be take note: Smoking can affect your ability to conceive. It causes reduced fertility in women and can contribute to other problems during pregnancy.

10. Gum disease
Smoking contributes to periodontitis—a gum infection that destroys the bone that supports the teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults.

Ref: Accessed May 2022

The article written above is for informational and educational purposes only. For serious medical and health concerns, please consult a licensed health provider.